Diversity and the Dark Knight
For most comic book readers, Batman isn’t the first superhero who springs to mind when it comes to characters furthering visibility for minority groups in comics. Nevertheless, while the Batcave has been dominated by white, heterosexual males since the Dark Knight first swung over Gotham City in 1939 on the cover of Detective Comics #27, his extended family and supporting cast have included a surprising number of characters from diverse backgrounds.
From kick-ass women like the biracial (Chinese and Caucasian) Batgirl Cassandra Cain and the wheelchair-using Oracle (Barbara Gordon) to LGBT superheroes like Batwoman and crime-fighters of color such as Batwing (the Batman of Africa), a kaleidoscope of characters have helped the Caped Crusader clobber criminals throughout different eras of Batman’s 75-year history.
Writer Gail Simone says the inclusion of prominently featured minority characters in Batman’s world is “a good reflection on the people who work in the bat-verse,” and she would know. As one of the most respected female writers working in the industry today, she has helped expand diversity in both the world of the Dark Knight and the general DC Universe. She helmed the Batman spin-off series Birds of Prey for more than 50 issues. The series featured a female superhero team led by Oracle, Barbara Gordon, who was paralyzed from the waist down for several years after an encounter with the Joker ended with a bullet to the gut and sidelined her career as Batgirl. Under the tutelage of writers like Simone, Oracle became a champion for readers dealing with disabilities of their own. When DC decided to return the red-haired heroine to the role of Batgirl following a company-wide reboot in 2011, she pushed the boundaries of diversity again by giving Gordon a transgender roommate named Alysia Yeoh (pictured right).
“[Alysia] came into being because there is a large trans readership of comics, and trans characters have almost uniformly been relegated to metaphor in mainstream books until recently ... that is to say, they were often robots or wizards or aliens or the like,” says Simone. “I'm not downplaying that at all, but I wanted there to be a normal, human trans character who was important to the story.”
While many diverse characters have been introduced as a part of Batman’s extended family over the years, it takes more than an introduction or random guest appearance for them to gain lasting resonance with fans. “I feel like focusing on a few successes is a bit misleading, because there's still a long way to go,” says Simone. She insists that beefing up the prominence of more diverse characters is a passion of several creators currently working at DC, and readers will only see this evolution pick up speed in the near future. In fact, so far, while some characters of color like Batwing have sustained their own solo series over the years, others are often part of a team, or their series might get canceled after a few issues.
“I just want to see a wider spectrum of characters in terms of gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and more. I feel like it's the issue for the future of this medium I love,” she adds, promising a “prominent bisexual male character” will be arriving “in Gotham soon.”
Creating characters that reflect both the broad range of comic readers and the diversity of the world’s population is also a goal of Scottish comic-book writer Grant Morrison, who introduced Batman’s first multiracial Robin to the bat-family with the introduction of Damian Wayne (the son of Talia al Ghul and Bruce Wayne) in his iconic story Batman and Son. But the biggest way in which Morrison has helped diversify the shadow of the bat has been through his series Batman Incorporated (pictured below), which depicted the Dark Knight creating a global team of superheroes that included Native American dynamic duo Mon-of-Bats and Little Raven, El Gaucho of Argentina, the African Batman known as Batwing, and the Hong Kong-based Blackbat — Cassandra Cain’s moniker after her tour as Batgirl ended.
“I’ve just come from an alternative background, I guess, and I wanted to represent that in the books [I write],” says Morrison. For me, people like this are my friends. “I played in a band when I was younger and I spent a lot of time in clubs. I also liked to dance and I spent a lot of time in gay clubs. So when I write stories I want reflect what my friends are like, as well as the people I’ve met ... By trying to reflect the world we live in suddenly the books were filled with characters that were slightly different from the norm.”
Morrison’s current high-profile project for DC, a nine-part miniseries titled The Multiversity, underscores Simone’s observation that furthering diversity in comics is a reflection of the people who work on them. Morrison’s latest dimension-spanning tale includes the Justice League of Earth-23, which boasts a black Superman (who is also the president of the United States on that Earth as well as the leader of the League), a gay speedster named Red Racer, and the aboriginal Australian powerhouse Thunderer among its members.
“I would like to think that people can pick up books like Batman Incorporated or The Multiversity and see their own lives reflected,” says Morrison. “But I’d always caveat that with the need for us to see more diverse writers and artists, because that’s when I think the walls will really come down. As a straight [white guy from Scotland] I can only do so much, and I find even sometimes when you do this, you do get accused of tokenism or pandering. I don’t mind it. I can put up with that, but I’d rather see a genuine spread of writers and artists creating this material.”